A possible recruit is identified and reached out to by a recruiter of ISIS. The amount of interest shown will drive the conversation and the overall speed of the process. Recruiters will usually make the initial contact on a common social networking site or on a message board. The recruiter may send the recruit propaganda materials but they will also befriend them personally.
HOW DO TERRORISTS TALK TO YOU?
ISIS and the Lonely Young American
The conversations between a young woman in rural Washington State and a British man with ties to radical Islam may provide clues about how ISIS recruits new members around the world. This can be applied to Berger's Model, which outlines the techniques used in recruitment.
This is a simplified model of the recruitment process involved in radicalization.
Click on the boxes to learn more about each step
A community will grow around the recruit. Connections will be made through the main recruiter or they may seem to happen ‘randomly.’ The community will become friends with the recruit and try to convince them that they are a victim. If the recruit feels like everyone else in their real world is against them, they will be more willing to grow closer to their online community.
The recruiters want them to abandon their old relationships and activities that do not relate to becoming radicalized (quitting sports, clubs, other religious groups). They want the sole focus of their recruit’s life to be focused on learning their ideology (this could be related to politics, methodology, religion, etc). The recruiter will also want to see that the recruit is willing to obey orders.
At this point in the grooming process, recruiters try to get their targets to move to a more private or encrypted messaging platform so that they can share more sensitive materials about their terrorist group.
The terrorist supporters try to figure out what their target is most likely to do. This could include traveling out of the country to join their group (such as ISIS), or performing terrorist actions at home. Once the individual seems to be radicalized, that is when they are encouraged by the recruiter to spread messages of hate, as well as trying to radicalize others.
|Propaganda||biased or misleading information to promote a political ideology or point of view.|
|Political Ideology||the principals, ideas, symbols, or even myths that make up the belief system of a political (or politically motivated) group.|
|Methodology||a system of methods used in a particular area of study or activities.|
|Grooming||to prepare or train someone for a particular purpose or activity.|
|Encrypted||Conceal or hide date by converting it into a code. In encrypted messaging, the messages are converted into a code so the message can only be seen by the sender and the intended recipient.|